AGALACTIA – NO BREAST MILK: REASONS, TREATMENT.
Agalactia is the absence of secretion of breast milk in the postpartum period. The early development of the child completely depends on the success of the treatment of this disorder: with all the variety of mixtures for artificial feeding, mother’s milk is indispensable.
Table of contents:
Agalactia or the absence of breast milk: what is it.
Current trends in obstetrics are such that the number of women with a deficiency of breast milk of varying severity increases due to the presence of various factors. But its complete absence is detected only in three women out of a hundred, in which a violation of the secretion of breast milk of various severity was detected.
As a rule, women who gave birth for the first time and those who had their first birth after 40 years of life suffer from agalactia.
The reason for the lack of secretion of breast milk depends on the type of agalactia.
The primary form of pathology (it is also called absolute) arises for such reasons as:
The main causes of secondary (relative) agalactia are most often the following factors:
Of the physical factors, the cause of agalactia can be:
Of the chemical factors, certain drugs are the most significant. Usually this:
Why inflammatory and infectious inflammatory pathologies can lead to the occurrence of agalactia? They lead to an increase in body temperature, which quite often is the immediate (often the only) cause of agalactia.
As for the specific type of nutrition, the absence of breast milk synthesis leads to:
Two main factors of the lack of synthesis of breast milk were identified:
Symptoms of postpartum agalactia.
An immediate sign of the described disease is the absence of milk secretion from the ducts of the mammary glands. It may be absent temporarily or permanently.
At the same time, milk is not excreted both when the baby is sucking on the mother’s breast, and when squeezing it in an attempt to squeeze the milk mechanically.
With primary agalactia, the absence of milk is constant, with secondary milk, it can first be released, and then its release stops abruptly.
The diagnosis of agalactia is not difficult to make according to the complaints of the woman in labor and according to the results of her physical examination (palpation of the mammary glands in order to squeeze the milk out of the milk ducts). But more important is the identification of factors that led to the emergence of this pathological condition. For this, in addition to clarifying complaints, a medical history (development history) of the pathology is collected and additional research methods are prescribed.
From the anamnesis find out the following:
From instrumental methods are assigned:
Differential (distinctive) diagnostics is primarily carried out between primary and secondary agalactia.
A consequence of agalactia can be a trauma to the mammary gland. This happens for reasons such as:
Non-drug prescriptions are:
For drug treatment are used:
These are basic drugs – prescriptions are expanded depending on the pathology against which agalactia occurred.
The main methods of preventing agalactia are:
The prognosis for agalactia is different: in the absence of glandular tissue of the mammary gland, it is not possible to cause secretion of breast milk, with the secondary form, the correct treatment can lead to the elimination of agalactia.
The older the woman, the more difficult it is to resume lactation.