HOW TO AVOID INFLUENZA?
With the onset of cold weather, people begin to suffer from SARS en masse. Already in early autumn, pharmaceutical companies began to actively advertise cold medicines on television. Is it worth it to panic and leave half the salary in the pharmacy? Or are there more affordable and effective measures to prevent SARS, in particular the flu?
WHO calls vaccination the most effective method of preventing influenza. Doctors recommend vaccinating before the start of the flu season, that is, approximately in September-October. Immunity will form within three to four weeks after vaccination. However, according to modern medical data, if a person does not have time to get the vaccine on time, he can do it at the height of the flu.
The composition of the influenza vaccine changes every year. It necessarily includes three strains of the influenza virus. Virus strains are not chosen at random, but as a result of year-round monitoring of the circulation of the virus throughout the globe. Based on this, scientists predict which strains will be distributed soon in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere.
WHO NEEDS TO DO A VACCINE FOR INFLUENZA? Influenza vaccine is not included in the list of mandatory vaccines, so each person decides whether to do it on their own. But there are certain categories of people whom physicians strongly recommend getting flu vaccine.
This group of people includes:
-Children up to five years old;
-People with existing diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, diabetes;
-People undergoing immunosuppressive treatment.
In addition, there are professional risk groups. This category includes health workers, educators, educators, public transport drivers, sellers. By contacting large numbers of people daily in the midst of the flu, these workers also run the risk of getting sick.
You can often hear people indignant that they made a flu vaccine, but still got sick. First, it is clinically difficult to distinguish flu from other acute respiratory viral infections. Therefore, it is impossible to say that a person was ill with the flu. And secondly, despite vaccination, the likelihood of getting the flu is still present, but at the same time, the person transfers the infection more easily and complications do not arise.
METHODS OF NON-SPECIFIC PREVENTION OF INFLUENZA
Influenza is a serious infectious disease that can lead to serious complications and even death. How can one not succumb to panic? From TV screens, we are actively offering all kinds of cold preparations, will they help in prevention? In fact, influenza is a typical infection transmitted by airborne droplets. That is, the patient secretes particles of the virus into the environment during sneezing, coughing. And the other person gets sick when these particles get on the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract. Knowing the mechanism of transmission of the disease, it is already becoming clear how to avoid infection.
Recommendations for the prevention of influenza are absolutely simple:
- Avoid crowds. During the flu season, it is worth minimizing your stay in public places, and visiting concerts and movie theaters should be postponed until better times. If possible, it is much better to walk a couple of stops on foot than to travel by public transport. A walk in the fresh air will protect you from the flu and, in general, will have a general strengthening effect on the body.
- Regularly ventilate the room, carry out wet cleaning. The flu virus is very comfortable with the dry and warm air of an enclosed space.
- Eat well and get enough sleep. Compliance with these recommendations increases the body’s ability to resist infections.
- Wash your hands. On the surfaces of handrails in transport and other public objects, there may be particles of the virus. If a person after touching them will rub his hands over his mouth, nose – there is a high probability of infection with the flu. Make a habit of carrying an alcohol antiseptic with you, because it is not always possible to wash your hands.
- Use a gauze dressing if you are in contact with a person with ARVI. Remember that masks need to be changed every three to four hours.
As for the use of drugs, doctors do not recommend a similar method of prevention. Many advertised drugs are homeopathic remedies, that is, they have no clinically proven effectiveness.
In fact, they can be compared with a placebo, money spent, but there is no tangible result. Regarding antiviral and immunomodulating agents, it should be noted that they should be used only as prescribed by the doctor, because they have a number of contraindications. The need to use such medications arises already in the treatment of influenza. To avoid the flu, just follow the simple recommendations above.
Eat well, avoid crowding, often walk in the fresh air, and then no cold will threaten you!