How to protect yourself from coronavirus.
The dangerous type of coronavirus that arose in December 2019 in the Chinese city of Wuhan, and also gave tips on how to avoid infection.
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The new coronavirus 2019-nCoV is not exceptional. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses (39 species are known) that do not have DNA; their genome is found in RNA macromolecules. This type of virus is able to infect a number of animals, as well as humans. Mostly they cause respiratory diseases – from mild forms of acute respiratory viral infections to SARS. Analysis of the pathogen showed a high degree of similarity of the new disease with the SARS virus, the outbreak of which occurred in 2002 and claimed the lives of 774 people.
As Maximov notes, such strains periodically appear recently, which is a natural consequence of an increase in the planet’s population, overpopulation of the tropical zones, as well as increasing migration flows. Sources of distribution are often China, as well as other countries in Southeast Asia and the Middle East. According to the scientist, the emergence of a new strain is not something unexpected and exceptional.
However, it is not worth underestimating a new type of virus, since such pathogens cause diseases with a fairly high lethal outcome. To reduce the likelihood of infection, the expert advises following a number of rules.
Since coronaviruses are transmitted primarily by airborne droplets, it is not necessary to stay in crowded places for a long time, and personal protective equipment should also be used. It is also advisable to reduce communication with immigrants from China and tourists who have just returned from countries in the region. Maximov noted that the virus can also be transmitted through products, and therefore it is worthwhile to be wary of goods from China. He emphasized that the virus is well preserved on the surface of fresh or frozen foods. Moreover, as RG previously reported, the probability of contracting a new type of virus through household items and packages from China is low. As experts noted, the virus has low resistance. At the moment, only the respiratory transmission method is known.
Recall, in December last year, in the Chinese city of Wuhan, cases of a new type of pneumonia were recorded. 27 people were hospitalized, but after a few weeks the number of people infected in China exceeded 600 people, 17 of whom died. At the moment, it is known about single cases of infection in Thailand, Japan, Vietnam, the United States and Singapore.
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In Russia, no such cases have been identified. In a number of cities, several people were hospitalized with suspected coronavirus, but the diagnosis showed that they did not have a dangerous infection. However, international airports have introduced enhanced sanitary and quarantine regimes. In addition, the Rosselkhoznadzor introduced a total inspection of hand luggage and baggage of citizens arriving from China and the countries of Southeast Asia. In the border areas of the Far East, sanitary-quarantine measures were organized at all automobile, railway, sea and air checkpoints.
As the former head of Rospotrebnadzor Gennady Onishchenko noted, the spread rate for the infection, which is transmitted by airborne droplets, in an environment with a large crowding of the population of Chinese cities remains quite slow, which cannot but be encouraging. According to preliminary data, mortality is also relatively low. In addition, in all the dead, infection was superimposed on serious chronic diseases. This suggests that people over 65 are at risk.