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👉Active Ingredient: Tranexamic acid.
Cyklokapron (Tranexamic acid) is used for short-term control of bleeding in hemophiliacs, including dental extraction procedures.
⚛ Other names for this medication:
Acide tranexamique, Acido tranexamico, Acidum tranexamicum, Amchafibrin, Anvitoff, Asamnex, Azeptil, Ciclokapron, Cyklo-f, Cyklonova, Ditranex, Espercil, Ethinex, Exacyl, Examic, Hemlon, Hemotran, Hemotrex, Hemsamic, Hexakapron, Hexamic, Hexatron, Intermic, Kalnex, Keisamine, Lunex, Lysteda, Medisamin, Nexa, Nexitra, Nicolda, Plasminex, Pletasmin, Ranobis, Rikavarin, Ronex, Spotof, Tacid, Tracapmin, Tranarest, Trand, Tranex, Tranexamsyra, Tranexid, Tranon, Transabon, Transamin, Transamine, Transcam, Tranxa, Traxyl, Trexam, Ugurol, Vanarin top, Vasolamin, Xamic.
Antifibrinolytic, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory. Competitively inhibits plasminogen activator, in higher concentrations binds plasmin. Extends thrombin time. It inhibits the formation of kinins and other peptides involved in inflammatory and allergic reactions. When ingestion absorbed 30-50% of the dose. The maximum concentration is reached 3 hours after administration. The initial volume of distribution – 9-12 liters. Easily passes through histohematogenous barriers, including BBB, placental. Concentration in cerebrospinal fluid is 1/10 of plasma. It is found in seminal fluid, where it inhibits fibrinolytic activity, but does not affect sperm migration. The insignificant part undergoes biotransformation. The main route of excretion is glomerular filtration. Excreted with urine. Antifibrinolytic concentration in various tissues is maintained for 17 hours, in plasma – up to 7-8 hours.
👉Indications for use Cyklokapron
Bleeding due to increased general and local fibrinolysis (treatment and prevention): hemophilia, hemorrhagic complications of fibrinolytic therapy, thrombocytopenic purpura, aplastic anemia, leukemia, bleeding during surgery and in the postoperative period, uterine during childbirth, pulmonary, nasal, gastrointestinal, meno- and metrorrhagia, gross hematuria, caused by bleeding from the lower urinary tract; aphthous stomatitis, tonsillitis, laryngopharyngitis, hereditary angioedema, eczema, allergic dermatitis, urticaria, drug and toxic rash.
Hypersensitivity, subarachnoid hemorrhage, renal failure, thrombophilic conditions (deep vein thrombosis, thromboembolic syndrome, myocardial infarction), impaired color vision, pregnancy.
👉Cautions when using
In case of renal insufficiency (depending on the degree of increase in serum creatinine), the dose and frequency of administration is reduced. During and after treatment for several days, an ophthalmologist should be observed with a check of acuity, margins and color vision, and examination of the fundus. With caution used in combination with tissue hemostatic drugs, hemocoagulase (in large doses), heparin. When treating hematuria of renal genesis, the risk of mechanical anuria increases as a result of a clot in the urethra.
👉Interaction with drugs
Incompatible with urokinase, noradrenaline bitartrate, desoxyepinephrine hydrochloride, metarmine bitartrate, dipyridamole, diazepam. In a solution, tranexamic acid reacts (cannot be mixed) with antibiotics (benzylpenicillin, tetracyclines), blood proteins.
Dyspeptic phenomena (anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), dizziness, weakness, drowsiness, tachycardia, chest pain, hypotension (with rapid on / in the introduction), impaired color vision, skin allergic reactions.
👉Application and dosage
▫ Inside, regardless of the meal – 250-500 mg 3-4 times a day.
▫ With profuse uterine bleeding – 1-1.5 g 3-4 times a day for 3-4 days.
▫ With repeated nasal bleeding – 1 g 3 times a day for 7 days.
▫ After surgery, cervix conization – 1.5 g 3 times a day for 12-14 days.
▫ Patients with coagulopathy, before extraction of the tooth – at 25 mg / kg 3-4 times a day, starting 1 day before the upcoming surgery and continuing for 6-8 days after.
▫ For hereditary angioedema, by mouth, 1-1.5 g 2-3 times a day (constantly or intermittently, depending on the presence of prodromal symptoms).
▫ In case of violation of the excretory function of the kidneys, correction of the dosage regimen is necessary: when the concentration of creatinine in the blood is 120-250 μmol / l, 15 mg / kg 2 times a day; 250-500 µmol / l – in the same single dose 1 time per day; more than 500 µmol / l – 7.5 mg / kg 1 time per day.